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Shoulder Complex


Many pathologic conditions can affect the shoulder complex. As with other parts of the musculoskeletal system, these can be the result of either acute trauma or repetitive microtrauma. Acute or chronic injury may result in the disruption of motion, strength, kinesthesia, or dynamic stability. As rehabilitation professionals, we can positively influence all of these components. It is important to recognize that the shoulder complex consists of four joints that work in concert, resulting in optimal shoulder motion. All joints should be evaluated and impairments subsequently should be treated.

On evaluation, obvious findings are easily diagnosed and may involve mechanical disruptions such as gross instability, massive muscle tears, or severe impairments such as significant loss of motion or strength. These contrast subtle findings that are more difficult to diagnose and just as difficult to treat. For successful rehabilitation, recognition and treatment of the pathology are as important as understanding its impact on normal shoulder function. Regardless of underlying pathology, the goals of rehabilitation are functional recovery and returning patients to their previous level of activity. The most important factor that determines the success or failure of a shoulder rehabilitation protocol is establishing the correct diagnosis

Outline of this course:

  • Introduction to the Shoulder injuries
  • Shoulder Anatomy / Biomechanics / Surface anatomy
  • Clinical Presentations of Shoulder Injuries
  • Shoulder Assessment
  • Physical examination / Special test
  • Outcome Measures
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Therapeutic Interventions for the Shoulder
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Level: Medium
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